To use `if else` statement with Python list comprehension we need to use the following syntax: `[x if condition else g(x) for x in sequence]`

The example below shows: if else in list comprehension:

``````row = [4, 5, 6, 7, 12, 34]
[el if el < 10 else el % 10 for el in row]
``````

The code above will extract last digit from any number or the number itself when it's less than 10.

## if comprehension example

Alternatively we can use the following syntax: `[f(x) for x in sequence if condition]`:

``````[x for x in range(1, 15) if x % 11 == 0]
``````

result:

``````[11]
``````

## if else or - in comprehension

Example of `if else` in list comprehension plus Python `or`:

``````[x for x in range(1, 15) if x % 5 == 0 or x % 7 == 0]
``````

result:

``````[5, 7, 10, 14]
``````

## elif in list comprehension

There are multiple ways to add `elif` to list comprehension in Python. One way is by converting the `if else` statament like:

``````for v in l:
if v == 0 :
print '0'
else:
if v < 0:
print 'negative'
else:
print 'positive'
``````

to:

``````['0' if v == 0 else 'positive' if v < 0 else 'negative' for v in l]
``````